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Rinder oder Kühe und Bullen sind die häufigste Art von großen domestizierten Huftieren. Sie sind ein prominentes modernes Mitglied der Unterfamilie Bovinae, die am weitesten verbreitete Art der Gattung Bos und werden am häufigsten gemeinsam als. Übersetzung im Kontext von „cows, cows, cows“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: cows, dairy cows, suckler cows. Cows Cows Cows (Deluxe Wall): capsul-studio.co: Herrero, Lowell: Fremdsprachige Bücher. capsul-studio.coal. capsul-studio.co · capsul-studio.co · capsul-studio.coe. Die wirtschaftliche Führung eines Unternehmens ist eine Notwendigkeit um Ertrag und Liquidität. 48%) for suckler cows per year and 70 ECU/head (new premium) per year for dairy cows to take account of the impact of the reduction in beef support price on the.
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Pronghorn A. Okapi O. Northern giraffe G. Anhui musk deer M. Water chevrotain H. Indian spotted chevrotain M.
Java mouse-deer T. Family Cervidae. Indian muntjac M. Tufted deer E. Fallow deer D. Chital A. Barasingha R. Eld's deer P. Hog deer H.
Sambar R. Red deer C. Moose A. Water deer H. European roe deer C. Reindeer R. Taruca H. Red brocket M. Pampas deer O.
Marsh deer B. White-tailed deer O. Family Bovidae. Abbott's duiker C. Blue duiker P. Common duiker S. Roan antelope H.
East African oryx O. Addax A. Upemba lechwe K. Southern reedbuck R. Impala A. Grey rhebok P. Hirola B. Topi D.
Hartebeest A. Black wildebeest C. Tibetan antelope P. Family Bovidae subfamily Caprinae. Barbary sheep A. Takin B. Wild goat C. Japanese serow C.
Nilgiri tahr H. Red goral N. Mountain goat O. Muskox O. Argali O. Bharal P. Pyrenean chamois R. Cows are well adapted for grazing feeding on grass , with a wide mouth and specialized teeth for eating tough vegetation.
Adults have 32 teeth but lack upper incisors and canines—they have a gummy pad instead that is used to help rip up grass. The molars have moon-shaped ridges that run parallel to the tongue , and thus chewing must be done with a circular motion to be effective.
The most specialized adaptation that cows and other ruminants have is their massive four-chambered stomach , which acts as a fermentation vat.
Inside the rumen , the largest chamber of the stomach, bacteria and other microorganisms digest tough plant fibres cellulose.
To aid in this process, cows regurgitate and re-chew food multiple times before it passes on to the rest of the digestive system via the other stomach chambers.
By taking time to re-chew their food later, cows avoid the need to chew well when they eat. This enables them to quickly ingest large quantities of grass while in the vulnerable head-down position required for grazing.
Cows are currently the most common domesticated ungulate hoofed mammal , and they are found wherever humans live.
Global stocks of cows were estimated at nearly one billion animals in , with India, Brazil, and China having the largest populations together maintaining approximately one-third of all cows.
Cows were first domesticated between 8, and 10, years ago from the aurochs B. The wild aurochs became extinct in the early s, the result of overhunting and loss of habitat due to the spread of agriculture and domestic herds.
Today, there are two broadly recognized forms of cow: the zebu or humped cattle from eastern Asia B.
Genetic studies suggest that both forms descend from the aurochs, but they are the products of independent domestication events.
Regional specializations led to the formation of a range of varieties, or breeds, that were adapted to different climates or that were selectively bred to emphasize valuable characteristics, such as milk or meat production.
Cows are used by humans in many other ways, such as a source of leather for clothing and other products and, albeit controversially, as participants in sporting events e.
Cows may also serve as a measure of wealth, and they are even worshipped as sacred animals in some religions see sanctity of the cow.
All mammals produce milk to feed their young, but dairy cattle, such as the well-known Holstein-Friesian cow, have been specially bred to produce very large quantities of milk.
Since only females produce milk, they are far more common in the dairy industry. Dairy bulls are often large, powerful, and aggressive and are more challenging to keep.
As a result, most breeding in modern dairy operations occurs through artificial insemination , with bulls living at just a few specialized facilities.
Different breeds of dairy cows have been bred for specific milk characteristics, such as to maximize yield or to produce a desired level of fat in the milk.
Milk from cows is a significant part of many food items; in addition to its direct consumption as a beverage, it is used to make a wide range of products including butter, yogurt, cheese, and ice cream.
Dairy cows produce milk for around 10 months following the birth of the calf. A typical western dairy cow is usually milked twice per day and produces on average 30 litres 8 gallons of milk daily; however, the actual amount produced depends upon the age and breed of the cow.
Most modern milking is not done by hand but by machines. Cows usually have their first calf when they are just under two years old—with single calves being typical, although twins sometimes occur—and each cow may have ten or more calves over the course of her life.
Even though cows can live for 20 years or more, older dairy cows are often culled from commercial herds and used for meat when their milk yield begins to decline.
The meat of adult cows is known as beef ; meat from calves typically slaughtered at three months of age is known as veal.
Beef cattle, such as the common Hereford and Aberdeen-Angus breeds, have been bred to produce muscle , not milk, and tend to be much heftier than dairy cows.
Breeds of beef cattle have differing characteristics in regards to growth rate, fat content of the meat, disease resistance, and ability to handle drought.
In addition to muscle meat, a variety of organs from cows—including liver , kidney , heart , brains , and various glands —are also consumed by people.
Beef cows are typically farmed in less intensive systems than dairy cows, since they are not handled daily for milking. A comparison of selected breeds of dairy cattle is provided in the table.
A comparison of selected breeds of beef cattle is provided in the table. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback.
Thank you for your feedback. Introduction Domestic cattle Natural history Domestication and economic production Dairy cattle breeds Beef cattle breeds.
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