Stadt In Nebraska 5 Rätsel-Frage: STADT IN NEBRASKA
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The party was attacked and destroyed near present-day Columbus by a large force of Pawnees and Otoes, both allied with the French.
The massacre ended Spanish exploration of the area for the remainder of the 18th century. This left Britain and Spain competing for dominance along the Mississippi; by , the British were trading with the native peoples of Nebraska.
In response, Spain dispatched two trading expeditions up the Missouri in and ; the second, under James Mackay, established the first European settlement in Nebraska near the mouth of the Platte.
Army post west of the Missouri River, just east of present-day Fort Calhoun. The army abandoned the fort in as migration moved further west.
European-American settlement was scarce until and the California Gold Rush. In the s, after the U. Under the Homestead Act , thousands of settlers migrated into Nebraska to claim free land granted by the federal government.
Because so few trees grew on the prairies , many of the first farming settlers built their homes of sod , as had Native Americans such as the Omaha.
The first wave of settlement gave the territory a sufficient population to apply for statehood. The battle of Massacre Canyon , on August 5, , was the last major battle between the Pawnee and the Sioux.
During the s to the s, Nebraska experienced a large growth in population. Several factors contributed to attracting new residents.
The first was that the vast prairie land was perfect for cattle grazing. This helped settlers to learn the unfamiliar geography of the area.
The second factor was the invention of several farming technologies. Agricultural inventions such as barbed wire, wind mills, and the steel plow, combined with good weather, enabled settlers to use Nebraska as prime farming land.
By the s, Nebraska's population had soared to more than , people. Sterling Morton. In the late 19th century, many African Americans migrated from the South to Nebraska as part of the Great Migration , primarily to Omaha which offered working class jobs in meat packing , the railroads and other industries.
Omaha has a long history of civil rights activism. Blacks encountered discrimination from other Americans in Omaha and especially from recent European immigrants, ethnic whites who were competing for the same jobs.
In , African Americans founded the Omaha chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People to work for improved conditions in the city and state.
Since the s, Native American activism in the state has increased, both through open protest, activities to build alliances with state and local governments, and in the slower, more extensive work of building tribal institutions and infrastructure.
Native Americans in federally recognized tribes have pressed for self-determination, sovereignty and recognition. They have created community schools to preserve their cultures, as well as tribal colleges and universities.
Tribal politicians have also collaborated with state and county officials on regional issues. The state is bordered by South Dakota to the north; Iowa to the east and Missouri to the southeast, across the Missouri River ; Kansas to the south; Colorado to the southwest; and Wyoming to the west.
The state has 93 counties and is split between two time zones , with the state's eastern half observing Central Time and the western half observing Mountain Time.
Three rivers cross the state from west to east. The Platte River , formed by the confluence of the North Platte and the South Platte , runs through the state's central portion, the Niobrara River flows through the northern part, and the Republican River runs across the southern part.
The first Constitution of Nebraska in described Nebraska's boundaries as follows Note that the description of the Northern border is no longer accurate, since the Keya Paha River and the Niobrara River no longer form the boundary of the state of Nebraska.
Instead, Nebraska's Northern border now extends east along the forty-third degree of north latitude until it meets the Missouri River directly.
The easternmost portion of the state was scoured by Ice Age glaciers ; the Dissected Till Plains were left after the glaciers retreated.
The Great Plains occupy most of western Nebraska, with the region consisting of several smaller, diverse land regions, including the Sandhills , the Pine Ridge , the Rainwater Basin , the High Plains and the Wildcat Hills.
A past tourism slogan for the state of Nebraska was "Where the West Begins" it has since been changed to "Honestly, it's not for everyone".
Areas under the management of the National Park Service include:. Areas under the management of the National Forest Service include:.
Two major climatic zones are represented in Nebraska: the state's eastern half and its western half. The eastern half of the state has a humid continental climate Köppen climate classification Dfa.
The western half has a semi-arid climate Koppen BSk. The entire state experiences wide seasonal variations in both temperature and precipitation.
Average temperatures are fairly uniform across Nebraska, with hot summers and generally cold winters. Average annual precipitation decreases east to west from about Humidity also decreases significantly from east to west.
Nebraska is located in Tornado Alley. Thunderstorms are common during both the spring and the summer. Violent thunderstorms and tornadoes happen primarily during those two seasons, although they also can occur occasionally during the autumn.
The chinook winds from the Rocky Mountains provide a temporary moderating effect on temperatures in the state's western portion during the winter.
According to the American Community Survey , Nebraska has the largest Czech American and non-Mormon Danish American population as a percentage of the total population in the nation.
German Americans are the largest ancestry group in most of the state, particularly in the eastern counties. Thurston County made up entirely of the Omaha and Winnebago reservations has an American Indian majority, and Butler County is one of only two counties in the nation with a Czech-American plurality.
In recent years, Nebraska has become home to many refugee communities. In , it welcomed more refugees per capita than any other state.
As of , Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.
Eighty-nine percent of the cities in Nebraska have fewer than 3, people. Hundreds of towns have a population of fewer than 1, Regional population declines have forced many rural schools to consolidate.
Fifty-three of Nebraska's 93 counties reported declining populations between and , ranging from a 0. More urbanized areas of the state have experienced substantial growth.
In , the city of Omaha had a population of ,; in , the city's estimated population was , , including the recently annexed city of Elkhorn , a 6.
The census showed that Omaha has a population of , The city of Lincoln had a population of , and a population of ,, a As of the Census, there were cities and villages in the state of Nebraska.
There are five classifications of cities and villages in Nebraska, which is based upon population. All population figures are Census Bureau estimates unless flagged by a reference number.
Second Class Cities —4, and Villages — make up the rest of the communities in Nebraska. There are second-class cities and villages in the state.
Metropolitan areas estimate data. Micropolitan areas estimate data. Nebraska has a progressive income tax. Nebraska has a state sales and use tax of 5.
In addition to the state tax, some Nebraska cities assess a city sales and use tax, in 0. Dakota County levies an additional 0.
Since , only depreciable personal property is subject to tax and all other personal property is exempt from tax.
Inheritance tax is collected at the county level. Nebraska has a large agriculture sector, and is a major producer of beef , pork , corn maize , soybeans , and sorghum.
As of November , the state's unemployment rate was 2. Kool-Aid was created in by Edwin Perkins in the city of Hastings , which celebrates the event the second weekend of every August with Kool-Aid Days,  and Kool-Aid is the official soft drink of Nebraska.
He adapted his pamphlets from the Canadian publications, Coles Notes. Omaha is home to Berkshire Hathaway , whose chief executive officer CEO , Warren Buffett , was ranked in March by Forbes magazine as the second-richest person in the world.
Ameritas Life Insurance Corp. The Buckle is based in Kearney. Sidney is the national headquarters for Cabela's , a specialty retailer of outdoor goods now owned by Bass Pro Shops.
Grand Island is the headquarters of Hornady , a manufacturer of ammunition. The Vise-Grip was invented by William Petersen in , and was manufactured in De Witt until the plant was closed and moved to China in late The facility employs more than 1, people.
The Spade Ranch , in the Sandhills , is one of Nebraska's oldest and largest beef cattle operations. Nebraska is the only state in the US where all electric utilities are publicly owned.
The route of the original transcontinental railroad runs through the state. The U. Routes in Nebraska. Nebraska's government operates under the framework of the Nebraska Constitution , adopted in ,  and is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial.
The head of the executive branch is Governor Pete Ricketts. All elected officials in the executive branch serve four-year terms.
Nebraska is the only state in the United States with a unicameral legislature. Although this house is officially known simply as the " Legislature ", and more commonly called the "Unicameral", its members call themselves "senators".
Nebraska's Legislature is also the only state legislature in the United States that is officially nonpartisan. The senators are elected with no party affiliation next to their names on the ballot, and members of any party can be elected to the positions of speaker and committee chairs.
The Nebraska Legislature can also override the governor's veto with a three-fifths majority, in contrast to the two-thirds majority required in some other states.
When Nebraska became a state in , its legislature consisted of two houses: a House of Representatives and a Senate. For years, U.
Senator George Norris and other Nebraskans encouraged the idea of a unicameral legislature, and demanded the issue be decided in a referendum.
Norris argued:. The constitutions of our various states are built upon the idea that there is but one class. If this be true, there is no sense or reason in having the same thing done twice, especially if it is to be done by two bodies of men elected in the same way and having the same jurisdiction.
Unicameral supporters also argued that a bicameral legislature had a significant undemocratic feature in the committees that reconciled House and Senate legislation.
Votes in these committees were secretive, and would sometimes add provisions to bills that neither house had approved.
Nebraska's unicameral legislature today has rules that bills can contain only one subject, and must be given at least five days of consideration.
In , due in part to the budgetary pressure of the Great Depression , Nebraska citizens ran a state initiative to vote on a constitutional amendment creating a unicameral legislature, which was approved, which, in effect, abolished the House of Representatives the lower house.
The Legislature meets in the third Nebraska State Capitol building, built between and It was designed by Bertram G. Built from Indiana limestone, the capitol's base is a cross within a square.
A foot domed tower rises from this base. The Sower, a foot bronze statue representing agriculture, crowns the building. The judicial system in Nebraska is unified, with the Nebraska Supreme Court having administrative authority over all the courts within the state.
Nebraska uses the Missouri Plan for the selection of judges at all levels, including county courts as the lowest-level courts and twelve district courts , which contain one or more counties.
The Nebraska State Court of Appeals hears appeals from the district courts, juvenile courts , and workers' compensation courts, and is the final court of appeal.
Nebraska's U. Nebraska is one of two states Maine is the other that allow for a split in the state's allocation of electoral votes in presidential elections.
Under a law, two of Nebraska's five votes are awarded to the winner of the statewide popular vote, while the other three go to the highest vote-getter in each of the state's three congressional districts.
For most of its history, Nebraska has been a solidly Republican state. Republicans have carried the state in all but one presidential election since : the landslide election of Lyndon B.
In the presidential election , George W. Bush won the state's five electoral votes by a margin of 33 percentage points making Nebraska's the fourth-strongest Republican vote among states with In , the state split its electoral votes for the first time: Republican John McCain won the popular vote in Nebraska as a whole and two of its three congressional districts; the second district, which includes the city of Omaha, went for Democrat Barack Obama.
Despite the current Republican domination of Nebraska politics, the state has a long tradition of electing centrist members of both parties to state and federal office; examples include George W.
Norris who served a few years in the Senate as an independent , J. Voters have tilted to the right in recent years, a trend evidenced when Hagel retired from the Senate in and was succeeded by conservative Republican Mike Johanns to the U.
Senate, as well as with the re-election of Ben Nelson , who was considered the most conservative Democrat in the Senate until his retirement in Johanns retired in and was succeeded by another conservative, Sasse.
Nelson retired in and was replaced by conservative Republican Fischer. Former President Gerald Ford was born in Nebraska, but moved away shortly after birth.
Secretary of State under President Woodrow Wilson , and unsuccessfully ran for president three times. University of Nebraska system.
Nebraska State College System. The College World Series has been held in Omaha since From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Redirected from State of Nebraska. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 1 July This article is about the U. For other uses, see Nebraska disambiguation.
State in the United States. Panorama Point  . Missouri River at Kansas border  . Main article: History of Nebraska.
Religion in Nebraska  religion percent Protestant. See also: Nebraska locations by per capita income. Further information: List of Nebraska railroads.
Further information: List of Nebraska numbered highways. Nebraska Constitution. Further information: Governor of Nebraska. Further information: Nebraska Supreme Court.
Further information: United States congressional delegations from Nebraska. Further information: United States presidential election in Nebraska, ; Nebraska gubernatorial election, ; United States Senate election in Nebraska, ; and Political party strength in Nebraska.
Further information: Colleges and universities of Omaha, Nebraska. Main article: Sports in Nebraska. Main article: List of college athletic programs in Nebraska.
United States portal. United States Geological Survey. Archived from the original on October 15, Retrieved October 24, The Henry J.
Kaiser Family Foundation. Archived from the original on December 20, Retrieved December 9, Archived from the original on February 21, Retrieved February 20, Archived from the original on September 4, Retrieved September 4, Siouan Languages.
Archived from the original on June 22, Retrieved November 28, Retrieved January 4, Archived May 25, , at the Wayback Machine Nebraskastudies.
Mackey's Trading House". Archived from the original on April 26, Retrieved May 22, Draper Utah: Everton Publishers, Provo: Ancestry, , Eli Paul p.
Nebraska Legislature, Legislative Research Office. February Retrieved June 22, Archived from the original on October 18, Retrieved October 18, For every females age 18 and over, there were About 3.
David City has two high schools. The largest is David City Secondary School. Its athletic teams are the Scouts. The Catholic school is named after Thomas Aquinas.
Its teams are the Monarchs. David City has one newspaper, The Banner-Press. The newspaper is published once a week. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Redirected from David City, NE. For other uses, see City of David. City in Nebraska, United States. Gazetteer Files".
United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 12, Census website". Retrieved Retrieved November 25, United States Geological Survey.
National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, University of Nebraska.
Retrieved 31 July Origin of Nebraska place names. Archived from the original on January 12, Retrieved October 19, Archived from the original on October 19, Columbus Telegram.
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